The Religion of the Ancient Celts by J. A. MacCulloch The author portrays the Celt as a seeker after God, linking himself by strong ties to the unseen and eager to conquer the unknown by religious rite and magic art. The earliest aspect of the religion of Celtic man was the cult of nature spirits and of life manifested in nature. The records of the ancient Celtic religion are scanty: for the Irish Celts there is some written material found mainly in the 11th and 12th centuries; from Wales there is the classic document "Mabinogion". Valuable hints are supplied by early classical documents but more important are the existing folk customs which preserve so much of the old cults. Celtic burial mounds yield their testimony to ancient beliefs and customs: the cult of the dead; river and well worship; tree and plant worship; Druidic rites of rebirth and transmigration. The earliest aspect of the religion of Celtic man was the cult of nature spirits and of life manifested in nature. How far the Celts cultivated religion in our sense of the term or had a vision of monotheism must remain unknown. But a people whose spiritual influence has been so great must have had glimpses of these things. MacCullough details the Celtic belief in reincarnation and a spectral otherworld; documents the enormous pantheon of now-obscure gods and goddesses, including many local deities; and describes totemistic and animistic beliefs. In addition, MacCulloch does not flinch (nor sensationalize) when describing the darker side of Celtic practices, including the famous 'Burning Man' human sacrifices, cannibalism and exogamous incest.