This excellent report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. The importance of combat effects in warfare has no second. However, most combat effects would never be delivered without crucial information delivered from combat support forces. In this time of turbulent recapitalization and reorganization within the Air Force, the critical nature of combat and combat support effects must remain foremost in our decisions as we create new commands, place people and resources where needed, and forecast budgets.Air Force Space Command has always been a force multiplier, and, in more recent history, it has provided its own combat effects. As demonstrated by the Chinese last year, kinetic attack is now in the arsenal of space operators, both foreign and domestic. However, providing nonkinetic combat effects and combat support effects is the primary military role of Air Force Space Command units and their people. As the Air Force considers new major organizations, like Air Force Cyber Command and the Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Agency, we would do well to note the synergistic nature of combat and combat support effects within new and existing organizations and the budgetary burden associated with creating new Air Force commands.Toward that end, Dr. Tomme provides a critical examination of Air Force Space Command, and by analogy, Air Force Cyber Command, in a discussion of the roles of combat and combat support organizations. His critical thoughts and enlightening points serve as a basis for further discussion and examination of how the worlds premier air force—arguably the greatest air force in the history of mankind—could move forward in a high-technology age of both kinetic and nonkinetic combat effects in air, space, cyber, and intelligence operations. I encourage the reader to study the salient points of Dr. Tommes paper for further thought, discussion, and debate. How we organize ourselves today will frame the structure of our service throughout this new century.