The genre of Rajput painting flourished between the 16th and 19th centuries in the kingdoms that ruled what is the Indian state of Rajasthan (place of rajas). Rajput paintings depicted the nobility and court spectacle as well as scenes from Krishna’s life, the Hindu epics, and court poetry. Many Rajput kingdoms developed distinct styles, though they shared common conventions. This book surveys the tradition of Indian Rajput painting, while developing methods to ask unprecedented questions about meaning. Through a series of studies, Aitken shows how traditional formal devices served as vital components of narrative meaning, expressions of social unity, and rich sources of intellectual play. Supported by illustrations of paintings, Aitken’s study spans five centuries, providing a look at the Rajasthan’s court painting traditions and their relevance to contemporary art.