OUR INNER APE - LEADING PRIMATOLOGIST EXPLAINS
- Autor: WAAL, FRANS B. M. DE
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It's no secret that humans and apes share a host of traits, from the tribal communities we form to our irrepressible curiosity. The chimpanzee, for example, can be as vicious and manipulative as any human. In 'Our Inner Ape,' Frans de Waal presents the provocative idea that our noblest qualities - generosity, kindness, altruism - are as much a part of our nature as are our baser instincts. After all, we share them with another primate - the lesser-known bonobo. As genetically similar to man as the chimpanzee, the bonobo has a temperament and a lifestyle vastly different from those of its genetic cousin. Where chimps are aggressive, territorial, and hierarchical, bonobos are gentle, loving, and erotic (sex for bonobos is as much about pleasure and social bonding as it is about reproduction). While the parallels between chimp brutality and human brutality are easy to see, de Waal suggests that the conciliatory bonobo is just as legitimate a model to study when we explore our primate heritage. He even connects humanity's desire for fairness and its morality with primate behavior, offering a view of society that contrasts markedly with the caricature people have of Darwinian evolution. It's plain that our finest qualities run deeper in our DNA than experts have previously thought.