'Origin of species' is a study made by Darwin during the voyage of the HMS Beagle form a large part of the basis for this work. As early as 1837, Darwin's notes describe the transmutation (evolution) of species. The work on this proceeded in private - available for discussion with only a few close friends - for the next twenty-two years. Darwin recognized how controversial it would be once published. The ideas were presented, along with the parallel concepts by Alfred Wallace, in 1958 and published as the 'Origin of species' in 1859.