Few books have been used as broadly in Christian colleges and seminaries in the past half century as H. Richard Niebuhr's 'Christ and Culture.' His five classic typologies of how Christ can relate to culture have influenced two generations of Protestant and Catholic thinkers. But in recent decades scholars have become aware that Niebuhr's typologies need to be rethought in light of changing circumstances. In this work, Craig Carter follows in Niebuhr's footsteps, using typology to explore the crucial question of how Christians should relate to the world. However, he goes beyond Niebuhr to offer an alternative typology that is arguably more deployable in our post-Christian society. This book is a useful text for college and seminary courses and for any Christian who seeks to understand how to share a timeless message in changing times.