This visual history tells the story of the ancient native peoples of Peru and the Andes. The Inca people began as a tribe in the Cuzco area around the 12th century, then evolved into a small city-state and finally, in the mid-15th-century, they began a far-reaching expansion under their first great leader Pachacuti. By the end of his reign in 1471 most of what is modern Peru and Ecuador were already under Inca control, and in the time of his son and grandson, their empire grew further to include Bolivia, a large portion of northern Chile, and had even extended into corners of Colombia and Argentina. Split into two sections, the first part of the book focuses on how these communities functioned, and the day-to-day life for ordinary people at work and home, including the lives of farmers, craftworkers and administrators, the role of women, and importance of religious beliefs. It shows how society developed from life in the first pre-ceramic villages to the sophisticated social systems in the empires of the Moche, Wari, Chimu and Inca. The second part of the book tells the story of the arts and architecture, exploring their evolution in a land of many kingdoms, city-states and confederacies. Excavations, preserved architecture, and discovered art and artefacts supply the evidence in the absence of contemporary written accounts.