Essay from the year 2012 in the subject History - World History - Modern History, grade: 1C, University of Stirling, course: Revolutions , language: English, abstract: The Iranian revolution of 1979 resulted in the declaration of an Islamic republic and consequently overthrew the Iranian monarchy, the Pahlavi dynasty . It gave rise to Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and his new form of government, based on partly democratic, partly theocratic values . In order to understand why the revolution resulted in the foundation of the Islamic republic, various aspects have to be taken into account. It is crucial to examine the situation by looking at two components of the revolution. Firstly, the economical and political aspects of the revolution have to be discussed to judge its influence and implications. Secondly, the religious characteristics of the Iranian revolution have to be assessed in order to comprehend its significance for the revolution. Various revolutionary and sociological theories have to be evaluated in relation to the great changes in Iranian society predating the revolution. Finally, there has to be an assessment of why the Iranian revolution could not have resulted in another form of government which will achieve a balance of the argument.