Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, University of Cassino (Department of Enterprises Environement and Management ), course: Business Management , language: English, abstract: In developing a modern enterprise special role was played by technological progress with the continuous and systematic effort to adapt to the foreground processes, production processes and their individual operations of the business. The production of goods with a strong 'innovative power' and the invention of processes and tools to increase the efficiency of other inputs used are required to carry out activities in the fields of basic research, applied research and the design or development. The most immediately obvious application of the results of these types of industry research has focused on increasing the productivity of human labor and the simultaneous improvement in profitability management, become progressively more significant as and that the processes, phases and individual pieces of work have been reworked so as to allow the application of new scientific knowledge. A further consequence was the emergence of division of labor was progressively accentuated as they has been able to find specialized instruments - derived from the breakdown of manufacturing operations - which could be traced in the context of specific organizational roles. The scientific and technical progress has also been a substantial influence on company size and the structure of operating costs, in particular, the gradual adoption by businesses of more and more mechanized production processes led to the replacement of many variable costs with fixed costs, reconnect them to services provided by fixed assets and other services in proportion to the size of the plant, not just the volume of the product actually manufactured in a certain period of time. It has also been authoritatively stated that, currently, the power in society and a growing tendency for companies to join in the ability to create intellectual and intangible property type to control or provide access - via computer - to the enjoyment of tangible and intangible assets. It follows that, for the creation of business value the importance of intellectual property tends to increase and with it the ability of companies to develop ideas, information, concepts and innovative technologies.