Since 1980, the number of climate-related disasters has been greatly increased globally. Scientific consensus based on the IPCC fifth report suggested that global warming would bring more intense and frequent extreme climate events. These climate-related disasters hinder the achievement of sustainable economic growth and prosperity by disrupting supply chains, impeding production, destroying infrastructure, and necessitating high-cost rebuilding and recovery. To mitigate the climate extreme risks and possible losses, it is essential to maximize the utilization of scientific outputs and to share best practices in disaster risk management. Aligned with such purposes, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Climate Center (APCC) hosts the APEC Climate Symposium (APCS) every year. APCS focused on drought prediction and management in 2013, climate extremes and hydrological disaster in 2014, and efficient use of climate information for disaster risk management in 2015.
This book aims to compile some of the important results from the latest research in climate extreme prediction and services and its application studies with a focus on climate extremes such as typhoons, droughts, and floods based on the APCS presentations during 2013–2015.
Assessing Seasonal Climate Forecasts Over Africa to Support Decision-Making (Niko Wanders and Eric F Wood)
Variability and Predictability of Climate Linked to Extreme Events (Swadhin Behera)
Subseasonal Prediction of Extreme Weather Events (Bin Wang and Ja-Yeon Moon)
Climate Services: For Informing Decisions and Managing Risk (Neil Plummer, Agata Imielska, Karl Braganza, David Jones, Janita Pahalad, Scott Power, Martin Schweitzer, Andrew Watkins, David Walland and Perry Wiles)
Early Warning, Resilient Infrastructure and Risk Transfer (David P Rogers, Haleh Kootval and Vladimir V Tsirkunov)
Climate Services for Sustainable Development (Mannava V K Sivakumar and Filipe Lucio)
Future Changes of Extreme Weather and Natural Disasters due to Climate Change in Japan and Southeast Asia (Eiichi Nakakita, Yasuto Tachikawa, Tetsuya Takemi, Nobuhito Mori and Kenji Tanaka)
Climate Change and Stream Temperature in the Willamette River Basin: Implications for Fish Habitat (Heejun Chang, Eric Watson and Angela Strecker)
An Integrated Approach for Flood Inundation Modeling on Large Scales (Venkatesh Merwade, Mohammad Adnan Rajib and Zhu Liu)
Service and Research on Seasonal Streamflow Forecasting in Australia (P M Feikema, Q J Wang, S Zhou, D Shin, D E Robertson, A Schepen, J Lerat, J C Bennett, N K Tuteja and D Jayasuriya)
A Holistic Framework to Assess Drought Preparedness (Ximing Cai, Majid Shafiee-Jood, Yan Ge, Sylwia Kokoszka and Tushar Apurv)
Priorities of the WMO Commission for Hydrology in the Context of Water, Climate and Risk Management (Liu Zhiyu)
From Prediction to Scenario Analysis: A Brief Review and Commentary (Bryan C Bates)
Readership: Graduate students, academics and researchers in meteorology/climatology, and weather forecasting services.
This book is useful for the students preparing for competitions like IYPT
Supplementary materials (such as videos) are provided to demonstrate the experiments more vividly
Experimental demonstrations and numerical simulations made the technical solution accessible to general public