Equality is a claim that men should be treated as equal, not that they are in fact equal. The logic in support of this claim is that all men as such are rational beings, endowed with faculty of reason, and created equal by God.
It is in this lucid manner that this book will teach you equality.
It clearly explains the types of equality like the legal equality, political equality, economic equality and social equality.
It analyzes legal equality. It throws light on the nature of legal equality:
‘Legal equality implies granting of equal legal status to all in society irrespective of the differences in birth, sex, physique, mentality, et cetera.’
It appraises political equality. It sheds light on the nuances of political equality:
‘In the penumbra of equality, it means, in the political sphere, that my will, as a factor in the counting of heads, is equal to the will of any other. It means that I can move forward to any office in the State for which men are prepared to choose me.’
It evaluates economic equality. It casts light on the character of economic equality:
‘Economic equality means the provision of equal opportunity for all in all spheres of economic life.’
It discusses social equality. It highlights the intricacy of social equality:
‘Without that (social equality), political equality is an illusion; a wealthy elite would continue to exercise effective political power; judges and legislators would still be drawn from its ranks, and predisposed to favour it; and legal costs would put justice beyond the poor man’s reach. Without social equality, equality before the law would remain an empty form.’