Professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction, this important work by the Army covers the role of federal military forces in domestic disorders from 1945 through the Los Angeles riots of 1992. Some topics include: Little Rock, George Wallace, Riots, Civil Rights, March on the Pentagon, Washington DC riot, Newark Riot, Detroit riot, Kerner Commission, Martin Luther King Jr, Chicago Riot, Baltimore riot, Jesse Jackson, H. Rap Brown, Antiwar Demonstrations, Kent State, Wounded Knee, Vietnam War, Orval Faubus, James Meredith, Medgar Evers, Bayard Rustin, March on Washington, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Dwight Eisenhower, Stokely Carmichael, Black Power, Ramsey Clark, Abbie Hoffman, Robert Kennedy, Cyrus Vance, Dr. Benjamin Spock, Poor People's Campaign.
Summarizing institutional and other changes that took place in the Army and in American society during this period, it carries the reader through the nation's use of federal troops during the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s and the domestic upheavals of the 1960s and 1970s associated with the Vietnam War. The development and refinement of the Army's domestic support role, as well as the disciplined manner in which the Army conducted these complex and often unpopular tasks, are major themes of this volume. In addition, the study demonstrates the Army's progress in coordinating its operational and contingency planning with the activities of other federal agencies and the National Guard. Although this is a story of the U.S. Army's experience at a specific time in American history, the issues it addresses and the lessons to be learned transcend the period covered. If past is prologue, units from both the Army's active and reserve components will be called upon to deal with domestic civil disturbances at some future date. The relevant lessons gleaned from our Army's past include the value of highly disciplined soldiers, careful operational and logistical planning, flexibility, and the assumption of initiative at all levels of command. These hallmarks of a trained and ready force are invaluable not only during domestic civil support, but also during the full range of military operations the United States and its Army are likely to face in the twenty-first century. We commend this volume to you as useful lessons from the past that can be drawn upon to serve the future.
CHAPTER 1 - PROLOGUE * CHAPTER 3 - INTERVENTION AT LITTLE ROCK * CHAPTER 4 - THE ROAD TO OXFORD * CHAPTER 5 - THE RIOT AT OXFORD * CHAPTER 6 - THREE TROUBLED YEARS * CHAPTER 7 - CRISIS IN THE NORTH AND WEST * CHAPTER 8 - REFLECTIONS ON VIOLENCE * CHAPTER 9 - THE MARCH ON THE PENTAGON * CHAPTER 10 - THE WASHINGTON RIOT OF 1968 * CHAPTER 11 - THE CHICAGO AND BALTIMORE RIOTS * CHAPTER 12 - IN THE WAKE OF THE RIOTS * CHAPTER 13 - ANTIWAR DEMONSTRATIONS AND SURVEILLANCE * CHAPTER 14 - THE END OF THE CYCLE * CHAPTER 15 - TOWARD A NEW CENTURY
CHAPTER 1 - PROLOGUE * Laws Governing the Domestic Use of Troops * Reorganization of the Military Departments * Intelligence Organization and Procedures * Contingency Plans * Riot Control Training * CHAPTER 2 - THE ROAD TO LITTLE ROCK * Patterns of Resistance * A Soldier-President * Race and Politics in Arkansas * The Developing Crisis * The Federal Response * CHAPTER 3 - INTERVENTION AT LITTLE ROCK * The Army Prepares * Casting the Die * The Forces Assemble * The Crisis Contained * Criticisms and Legal Views * The Second Crisis * The Slow Departure * Epilogue * CHAPTER 4 - THE ROAD TO OXFORD * Freedom Rides * Tensions Mount * Final Phase * The Meredith Case * Efforts To Avoid the Use of Force * The Tactical Forces * The President Acts * The Growing Crisis * CHAPTER 5 - THE RIOT AT OXFORD * Military Intervention * The Regulars * Oxford in Daylight * Maintaining a Military Presence