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ACHIEVING HUMAN RIGHTS COMPLIANCE IN DRONE

OPERATIONS



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Sinopse

Essay from the year 2015 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: 71 (Distinction) UK Sytem, University College London (School of Public Policy), language: English, abstract: In this essay I have argued that the added-value of the HRCSP lies in the special rapporteurs' (SR) role as facilitators for norm compliance. Doing so, I have focusd on the post-9/11 debate on the use of armed drones for targeted killings in military and counter-terrorism operations. Its main point of contention surrounds the achievement of consistency in legal standards, as well as of coherent policy responses with view to the 'war on terror', which has led some states to prioritize security concerns over human rights (HR) and humanitarian standards. In presenting my argument I have made reference to actor behavior theory to show the nexus between HRCSP and strategic agency. Thereby, I have concentrated on mechanisms of social influence such as coercion, persuasion, incentives, and capacity building as identified by Risse and Popp (R&P). (2013, 12-22) Also, I have addressd the element of acculturation, found as a major force for compliance by Goodmann and Jinks (G&J) (2004), and touch on domestic mechanisms, such as executive power, litigation, and group demands (Simmons, 2009), and the power of domestic constituencies (Dai, 2004). During the analysis, I have been mindful of a possible crowding-out effect as suggested by G&J, where one social mechanism could negatively affect the operation of another. (2013, 105) In this sense I have elaborated on the opportunities and challenges of the HRCSP regarding compliance with the right to life in human rights law (HRL) and humanitarian law (IHL) with view to targeted killings. I have focused on the HRCSP because they embody the permanent tools of the Human Rights Council (HRC) composed of independent experts, compared to the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), which, due to its politicized nature, is rather silent on the subject matter. The analysis has shown how the Special Rapporteur for Extrajudicial, Summary and Arbitrary Executions (SRESAE) and the Special Rapporteur on Terrorism and Human Rights (SRTHR), in concerted action and by application of various elements of socialization, facilitate the compliance process. I have concluded that the SR are not an end but a means for achieving compliance. There is also no one solution regarding the socialization process, which seems to strongly depend on the right sequencing of elements sensitive to certain scope conditions and the level, or 'continuum of commitment' (Dai, 2013, 86-87), states prescribe themselves to depending often on domestic mechanisms of influence

Detalhes do Produto

    • Formato:  ePub
    • Subtítulo:  OPERATIONS
    • Origem:  IMPORTADO
    • Editora: GRIN VERLAG
    • Assunto: História
    • Idioma: INGLÊS
    • Edição:  1
    • Ano de Edição: 2016
    • Ano:  2017
    • País de Produção: United States
    • Código de Barras:  2001102745002
    • ISBN:  9783668370937

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