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GIANT CELL ARTERITIS, A SIMPLE GUIDE TO THE

CONDITION, TREATMENT AND RELATED DISEASES



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Giant Cell Arteritis is an inflammatory syndrome of cranial arteries It causes reddening and tenderness around the temporal arteries of the body. It may be part of the polymyalgia rheumatica syndrome It can also affect the nerves and give rise to the skin symptom Symptoms often include fever, a general feeling of malaise The most common symptom is the one sided or bilateral headache Giant Cell Arteritis can cause visual impairment and blindness. Physical examination show presence of jaw claudication and tenderness GCA is diagnosed with a raised ESR and CRP and evidence of vasculitis Polymyalgia rheumatica is also associated with Giant cell arteritis Diagnosis of GCA is the presence of abnormal giant cells in temporal artery biopsy Treatment is usually with corticosteroids or immunosuppressant therapy -An original poem by Kenneth Kee Interesting Tips about the Giant Cell Arteritis A Healthy Lifestyle Take a well Balanced Diet Prompt medical action is important as untreated temporal arteritis can progress to the ophthalmic artery which supplies blood to the retina of the eye. a. High dose corticosteroids prednisolone by mouth daily. b. Dosage of corticosteroids can be reduced 2-3 weeks after symptoms disappear c. Maintenance dose of corticosteroids should be continues for six to eight months Headache is a fairly common complaint in any family doctor clinic. It is important to treat for nausea, vomiting, stiffness of the neck, fits, stress, lack of sleep, flashes of light in the eyes, and weakness of one side of the body. The doctor should always treat for any high fever (one of the common causes) and high blood pressure. Prognosis is good with prompt onset of corticosteroids treatment before loss of vision Loss of vision is irreversible once it occurred Keep bones and body strong Bone marrow produces our blood Eat foods rich in calcium like yogurt, cheese, milk, and dark green vegetables. Eat foods rich in Vitamin D, like eggs, fatty fish, cereal, and fortified milk. Eat food rich in Vitamins B and C such as green vegetables and fruits Zinc and other minerals are important to the body Get enough rest and Sleep Avoid stress and tension Exercise and stay active. It is best to do weight-bearing exercise such as walking, jogging, stair climbing, dancing, or lifting weights for 2½ hours a week. One way to do this is to be active 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week. Begin slowly especially if a person has not been active. Do not drink more than 2 alcohol drinks a day for a man or 1 alcohol drink a day for a woman. Alcohol use also increases the chance of falling and breaking a bone. Alcohol can affect the neurons and brain cells. Stop or do not begin smoking. It also interferes with blood supply and healing. Chapter 1 Giant Cell Arteritis What is Giant Cell Arteritis? Giant Cell Arteritis or Temporal Arteritis is an inflammatory syndrome of cranial arteries especially the temporal artery. It causes reddening and tenderness around the blood vessels or a dull ache on the temporal sides of the head. It may be associated with blindness and may be part of the polymyalgia rheumatica syndrome. It usually affects middle aged or older people. It is rare under the age of 50 years. Women are more affected than men. There is inflammation of all layers of medium sized arteries within the carotid distribution occasionally elsewhere. TABLE OF CONTENT Introduction Chapter 1 Giant Cell Arteritis Chapter 2 More Facts about Giant Cell Arteritis Chapter 3 Treatment of Giant Cell Arteritis Chapter 4 Vasculitis Chapter 5 Polymyalgia Rheumatica Chapter 6 Kawasaki Disease Chapter 7 Migraine

Detalhes do Produto

    • Formato:  ePub
    • Subtítulo:  CONDITION, TREATMENT AND RELATED DISEASES
    • Origem:  IMPORTADO
    • Editora: KOBO EDITIONS
    • Assunto: Medicina - Imunologia
    • Idioma: INGLÊS
    • Ano de Edição: 2014
    • Ano:  2015
    • País de Produção: Canada
    • Código de Barras:  2020106706598
    • ISBN:  9781310956560

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