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Roundworms are parasitic worms which are found in the intestines of children and young adults in undeveloped countries.Ascaris lumbricoides is the most common roundworm infection and affects as many as one billion people worldwideThey vary in length from several millimeters to up to two meters.About 60 types of roundworm are parasites of humans.They usually live in the human gut.However some species can travel from the gut to live in different parts of the body.It is rare in developed countries because of the modern sanitary conditions and better hygiene.Several members of the same household may be infested at the same time so all the family should be treated together.Roundworm eggs and larvae are present in the soil.They most commonly get into the body when a person gets them on his or her hands and then transfers them to the mouth.Roundworms eggs are present on the hands or food prepared by people who has roundworms infestations.When the eggs are swallowed they developed into larvae in the intestines.The larvae will penetrate the intestinal wall and reach the liver and lungs of the infected by way of the blood and lymphatic system. From the lungs the larvae enter the air tubes, ascend the bronchi and are swallowed eventually reaching the small intestines where they grow to maturity and mate.The worms cling on to the mucosal lining of the intestine and absorb nutrients from the food taken into the intestines by the affected person.The main symptoms of Roundworms are1. Digestive problems2. Abdominal pain3. Vomiting4. Restlessness and disturbed sleep5. Cough during the passage through the air tubes.The larvae in the lungs can sometimes cause symptoms such as wheeze, cough, and other chest problems.Doctors generally diagnose Roundworms based on stool examination and culture.Treatment of Roundworm infestation is by the use of anti-parasitic medicine:1. Mebendazole 100mgMebendazole is the usual medicine used for children aged over one year, and for adults who are not pregnant or breast-feeding.It comes as a tablet or drink. A dose is taken twice a day for three days.2. Piperazine is an alternative.This comes in a sachet and is added to a drink.A single large dose is taken.Children from three months onwards can be given piperazine to take but it should not be taken by anyone who has epilepsy or liver disease.3. Zentel or Abendazole 400mg in a single dose4. Pyrantel pamoate 10mg/kg in a single doseAll the family members should also be treated.Control of roundworm infections is based on treatment with medication, improved sanitation and health education.TABLE OF CONTENTIntroductionChapter 1 RoundwormsChapter 2 Interesting Facts of RoundwormsChapter 3 Treatment of RoundwormsChapter 4 ThreadwormsChapter 5 TapewormsChapter 6 SchistosomiasisChapter 7 AmoebiasisEpilogue
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Subtítulo: CONDITION, TREATMENT AND RELATED CONDITIONS