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HEMATURIA, (BLOOD IN URINE) A SIMPLE GUIDE TO

THE CONDITION, RELATED DISEASES AND USE IN



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Sinopse

Hematuria is blood in the urine.Two types of blood in the urine exist:1. Gross hematuria. - Blood that can be seen in the urine2. Microscopic hematuria - Blood that cannot be seen in the urine, except when examined with a microscope,.Red discoloration of the urine can have various causes:1. Red blood cellsMicroscopic hematuria (small amounts of blood, can be seen only on urinalysis or light microscopy)Macroscopic hematuria (or "frank" or "gross") hematuria2. Hemoglobin (only the red pigment, not the red blood cells)3. Myoglobin in myoglobulinuria4. Porphyrin in porphyria5. Betanin after eating beets6. Drugs such as Rifampicin and PhenazopyrineDiagnosis of Blood in the Urine:Most people with microscopic hematuria do not have symptoms.People with gross hematuria have urine that is pink, red, or cola-colored due to the presence of red blood cells (RBCs).Even a small amount of blood in the urine can cause urine to change color.In most cases, people with gross hematuria do not have other symptoms.However, people with gross hematuria that includes blood clots in the urine may have pain.The urinary system is made up of:1. 2 Kidneys2. 2 Ureters3. Bladder4. UrethraThe normal urinary system has one goal only and that is to filter the 200 liters of blood so that its waste material is discharged through the outside though the 2 kidneys as 1.5 liters of urine and its distributing system of 2 ureters to the bladder.The bladder stores urine until releasing it through urination.When the bladder empties, urine flows out of the body through a tube called the urethra at the bottom of the bladder.Mild Hematuria can be caused by:1. Menstruation,2. Vigorous exercise,3. Sexual activity,4. Viral illness,5. Trauma,6. Infection, such as a urinary tract infection (UTI).More serious causes of hematuria include1. Ureteric or kidney or bladder stones2. Cancer of the kidney or bladder3. Inflammation of the kidney, urethra, bladder, or prostate—a walnut-shaped gland in men that surrounds the urethra at the neck of the bladder and supplies fluid that goes into semen4. Polycystic kidney disease—an inherited disorder characterized by many grape-like clusters of fluid-filled cysts that make both kidneys larger over time, taking over and destroying working kidney tissueSome causes of blood clots in urine:1. Blood clotting disorders, such as hemophilia2. Sickle cell disease—an inherited disorder in which RBCs form an abnormal crescent shape, resulting in less oxygen delivered to the body’s tissues, clogging of small blood vessels, and disruption of healthy blood flowHematuria is diagnosed with:1. Urinalysis2. Blood kidney function3. Biopsy4. Cystoscopy5. Kidney imaging testsHematuria is treated by treating its underlying cause.If no serious condition is causing hematuria, no treatment is needed.Hematuria caused by a UTI is treated with antibiotics.TABLE OF CONTENTChapter 1 HematuriaChapter 2 Disease DiagnosisChapter 3 Kidney StoneChapter 4 CystitisChapter 5 Cancer of KidneyChapter 6 Cancer of BladderChapter 7 GlomerulonephritisChapter 8 Polycystic KidneysChapter 9 HemophiliaEpilogue

Detalhes do Produto

    • Formato:  ePub
    • Subtítulo:  THE CONDITION, RELATED DISEASES AND USE IN
    • Origem:  IMPORTADO
    • Editora: KOBO EDITIONS
    • Assunto: Medicina - Urologia
    • Idioma: INGLÊS
    • Ano de Edição: 2016
    • Ano:  2016
    • País de Produção: Canada
    • Código de Barras:  2001070271466
    • ISBN:  9781370734955

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