Massanet’s Lyrical opera, Werther, was first produced at the Vienna Opera in February 1892. It rapidly confirmed Jules Massanet’s position on the French Opera scene and achieved enormous popularity outside France, notably in Italy, America and England. The text by Edourd Blau, Paul Milliet and George Hartmann, was based on Goethe’s novel 'Die Leiden Des Jungen Werthers' (the suffering of the young Werther) which was published in 1774, and was the work that first established Goethe’s reputation as a writer. The tragic story tells of Werther’s intense passion for Charlotte, whom he falls hopelessly in love with at first sight. Charlotte instead marries his best friend, Albert, fulfilling a pledge to her now deceased mother. From a self-imposed exile, Werther pens letters that kindle Charlotte’s feelings.