Master's Thesis from the year 2006 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Cartography, Geographic Information Science and Geodesy, grade: 1.3, University of Applied Sciences Karlsruhe (Geomatik), course: Master of Geomatics, language: English, abstract: As further development of GOCA- (GNSS/LPS/LS-based Online Control and Alarm Systems) software, the Kalman filter was developed as additional module to monitor besides pure object point displacement also the velocity and the acceleration in a specified time interval. IN this Master thesis the Kalman filter algorithm is modified, and additional capabilities are added. THe additional capabilities include; first, a forecasting of expected displacement, velocity and acceleration to future. SEcond, computing the time at which the point displacement and velocity is expected to exceed the given critical values.
Two estimation algorithms are used in the GOCA-Kalman filtering; first, least squares adjustment (L2-norm estimation). SEcond, L1-estimation. DAta analysis of given projects were to be carried out and compared using both adjustment algorithms.
To design and develop the GOCA-Kalman filter four steps are applied; first step, the GOCA-Kalman filter is realized and tested using MATLAB to create the mathematical algorithm and test the results of standard point given displacement, e.G. Constant velocity displacement , parabola displacement, etc . SEcond step, a VC++ dynamic link library (.Dll) is created. THird step, the DLL file was embedded in the GOCA software by calling the DLL file and its related libraries. ANd forth step, the Kalman filter graphics part had to be modified to show the state vector components (displacement, velocity, and acceleration) with their standard deviations, and additional the forecasted value and its standard deviation would be shown in the graphics part.
Additional work is added to this master thesis to make artificial displacement GKA-files (GNSS/LPS/LS input files in the GOCA-software), where points displacements with linear, parabola etc are created. THe software was realized using MATLAB GUI and named GKA-create.