'Garden and Cosmos' are metaphors for two cultural and aesthetic impulses at the Marwar court of north western India between the seventeenth and mid-nineteenth centuries. Fifty-four rediscovered paintings (most previously unpublished) from the royal collection of the Rathore dynasty of Marwar reveal the unique contribution of the Jodhpur - Marwar school of painting to the history of Indian art. Introductory essays situate the paintings in the geographic, cultural and historical landscape of north India and are interwoven with colour photographs of the Mehrangarh and Ahhichatragarh Forts in which the paintings were produced and viewed.The authors present scholarship that bears broadly on north Indian court art by examining how Marwar artists created images for subjects to court painting and how they represented definitive spaces by closely observing architecture or citing images from maps and town plans. The metaphysics and later political history of the order that originated hatha yoga are a second focus of the book. An additional essay is devoted to the Jodhpur atelier and its production of manuscripts. A reference section includes reviews of relevant scholarship and related paintings translations of inscriptions on the paintings.