'The Art and spirit of Paris' presents a tour the history of the arts in Paris, from the Stone Age to the pyramid at the Louvre. In two volumes, the book brings the painting, sculpture, architecture, urban design, interior design, graphic design, photography, film, fashion, the theater, and opera - have played a role in creating the enduring spirit of Paris, with approximately 1,500 illustrations, the authors chronicle the history of the visual arts in Paris, tracing their evolution and that of the social systems that supported them. The volume I introduce the Gallo-Roman settlement described by Caesar and unearthed by modern archeologists, literally the foundation of modern Paris. From these beginnings, chapter 2 takes the reader through the dark period of the early Middle Ages, when Paris was ravaged by Norsemen, through the long process of rebuilding that led to the flowering of the Gothic and the remarkable masterworks of architecture and stained glass, Notre-Dame-de-Paris and the Sainte-Chapelle. The Renaissance city and the center of the Enlightenment are the subjects of chapters 3 and 4, illustrated by the masterpieces of painting and the decorative arts that established Paris, by the eighteenth century, as the Western world's center of the arts and the volume II begins at 1800, as Napoleon consolidates his power and determines to make Paris the most beautiful city the world has seen. Chapter 5 treats his brief era, which would echo in the French imagination for decades after, and which begins the reign of Paris as 'Capital of the Nineteenth Century'. The battles of classicism and romanticism and the advent of a modern 'engineer's architecture' of glass and iron are followed in chapter 6 by the Ville Lumière of Second Empire Paris, with its remarkable world's fairs. It treats as well the aftermath of the Commune, when a 'New Painting' would be invented by the most beloved artists of the French tradition, including Manet, Renoir, Monet, and Cézanne. Chapter 7 brings to fin de siècle Paris, the Belle Epoque, and the run-up to World War I, when a coterie of artists, including Picasso, invent an art for the new century. Chapter 8 examines the period between the wars, an era of refinement and consolidation in the arts, and chapter 9 brings the story of Paris until 2009.