This book is based on courses taught by the author at Moscow State University. Its exposition is based on extensive use of the language and elementary constructions of category theory. Among topics featured in the book are the theory of Banach and Hilbert tensor products, the theory of distributions and weak topologies, and Borel operator calculus. The book contains many examples illustrating the general theory presented, as well as multiple exercises that help the reader to learn the subject. It can be used as a textbook on selected topics of functional analysis and operator theory. Prerequisites include linear algebra, elements of real analysis, and elements of the theory of metric spaces.