Since the end of the Cold War, conflict prevention, conflict resolution, peace-keeping and peace-building have risen to the top of the international agenda. The first part of this book offers a survey of the theory and practice of conflict resolution in contemporary conflicts. It gives a clear picture of the state of the art in preventing, limiting and ending violent conflicts, post-war reconstruction, peace-building and reconciliation. Drawing on up-to-date statistics of conflict and contemporary case studies, the book explores the scope for conflict resolution and also the formidable obstacles it faces. The second part enters into the controversies which have surrounded conflict resolution as it has become part of the mainstream. Addressing critiques of the field, the authors argue that a new form of cosmopolitan conflict resolution is emerging that is neither a marginal and visionary enterprise nor a tool of the powerful, but offers a hopeful means for human societies to transcend and celebrate their differences.