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Many rights that Americans cherish go unmentioned in the U.S. Constitution. Where do these freedoms come from? John V. Orth aims to answer that question in this history of due process. No person's life, liberty, or property may be taken without 'due process of law'. The answer is usually given in two parts - what procedures the government must follow and - in exceptional cases - what the government cannot do even if it follows the proper procedures. The procedural aspect of this answer has been far less controversial than 'substantive due process', which at one time limited government regulation of business and forbids the states from outlawing abortions. 'Due process of law', as a phrase and as a concept, was already old at the time it was adopted by American constitution-writers, both state and federal. Mindful of the English background and of constitutional developments in the several states, Orth seeks to trace the history of due process, from its origins in medieval England to its applications in the latest cases. Departing from the usual approach to American constitutional law, Orth places the history of due process in the larger context of the common law.