Integrated conservation-development projects (ICDP) link the conservation of biodiversity in protected areas with the social and economic development of adjoining communities. This report was written at the request of participants in workshops on ICDP design and implementation in South and East Asia, who felt that there was a need to consolidate existing information on ICDPs, to distill lessons learned in design and implementation, and to provide guidance for future ICDP practitioners. Chapter one of this paper discusses the procedure for defining and establishing suitable ICDPs. Chapter two explores the ICDPs' shared objectives and linkage with biodiversity conservation. Chapter three examines the monitoring and evaluating process for ICDPs.