An indispensable reference tool for a student taking any literacy course, this Sixth Edition is packed with literacy strategies and practices for use in the classroom. This Sixth Edition fills a void by being a ready reference for prospective teachers and literacy education professionals who want a clear, overall perspective of instructional procedures and who approach their teaching with a view of experimentation and decision making. This text is intended to be an ongoing reference to be used in almost any literacy education course. It is designed to afford the reader an active role in examining and evaluating instructional techniques. The authors do not expect readers to become familiar with all of the strategies or practices presented in the text; rather, they recommend reading it selectively and reflectively. Students should select the units and strategies they wish to review and evaluate.