'The Bakhtin Primer' delves into some of Bakhtin's most salient concepts - chronotope, polyphony and heteroglossia, dialogue and dialogism, and carnival - and presents them as the basis for a comprehensive reform agenda - one that focuses on high levels of student achievement and on socially just and inclusive educational practice. The primer elaborates the importance of thinking about dialogue, not just as talk, but as an ontological concept that informs how we embrace the diversity inherent in our world. It explores how dialogue and carnival can disrupt the status quo and confront inequitable practices and relationships. It argues that education informed by Bakhtin's concepts would be more open, more conscious of inquiry, ambiguity, incompleteness, complexity, and relationships than traditional, more rational approaches. It would challenge, and teach students to question authoritative views and traditions and lead them to develop important understandings about our interconnectedness as well as how to interact with and learn from differences across time, place, class, and culture.