Top-down approaches to pest management, relying on agrochemical inputs that can be scarce, expensive, ecologically toxic, or inaccessible, have repeatedly failed to solve pest problems that affect small farmers in developing countries. 'Crop Protection Strategies for Subsistence Farmers' offers an alternative. Drawing on examples from Latin America, Africa, and Southeast Asia, this volume describes strategies that rely on farmers' knowledge and participation, local resources, and alternative low-input methods as a sensitive approach to developing and implementing pest management schemes adjusted to farmers' needs and their socioeconomic and agroecological conditions. The chapters explore knowledge systems that farmers apply to pest problems, describe traditional pest management techniques, and discuss farmers' perceptions about pests. In addition, several contributors describe methodologies on how to diagnose pest problems quickly and to design simple but effective pest control methods that rely on biological as well as cultural management techniques.