Kobudo is the famous armed Okinawan fighting art that utilizes common farming implements in combat. Developed centuries ago by peasants who had been disarmed by the government, this ingenious art is a vital component of the Okinawan fighting arts. Utilizing the long staff, nunchaku, forked daggers, and a variety of other weapons, kobudo has long been practiced as a supplement to unarmed karate training and, as such, has been partially integrated into a majority of the karate systems popular in the West. This book studies the individual kobudo systems as they are practiced in Okinawa today and discusses their various histories. In addition, the work discusses anthropological theories surrounding the habitation of Okinawa and the development of fighting arts there from the Stone Age. The issue of spiritualism in these arts, a subject that has been all but ignored by previous researchers, is also covered in detail.