Contents - Acknowledgments; Notes on sources; Introduction; Part I. Kant’s Early View - 1. The problem of objective validity; 2. The transcendental theory of experience - 1774-1775; Part II. The Transcendental Deduction from 1781 to 1787 - 3. The real premises of the deduction; 4. The deduction from knowledge of objects; 5. The deduction and aperception; Part III. The Principles of Empirical Knowledge - 6. The schematism and system of principles; 7. Axioms and anticipations; 8. The general principle of the analogies; 9. The first analogy - substance; 10. The second analogy - causation; 11. The third analogy - interaction; Part IV. The Refutation of Idealism - 12. The problem, project, and promise of the refutation; 13. The central arguments of the refutation; 14. The metaphysics of the refutation; Part V. Transcendental Idealism - 15. Appearances and things in themselves; 16. Transcendental idealism and the forms of intuition; 17. Transcendental idealism and the theory of judgment; 18. Transcendental idealism and the ‘Antinomy of Pure Reason’; Afterword; Notes; General index.