One of the most astonishing feats of recent Nietzsche scholarship is that it is able to transform the theory of the will to power into a doctrine of selfmastery. With a few exeptions, there is almost a consensus among Nietzsche scholars that the theory of the will to power does not culminate in the vision of a new power politics. But how does a theory designed to undermine the democratic and socialist ideals of equal rights and equal justice suddenly become transformed into a doctrine of self-mastery? This book confronts the issue of whether or not the theory of the will to power has a political content. It offers astonishing new insights into Nietzsche's political philosophy and maps out an outline of a Nietzschean politics power.