Shanzhai is a Chinese neologism that means "fake," originally coined to describe knock-off cell phones marketed under such names as Nokir and Samsing. THese cell phones were not crude forgeries but multifunctional, stylish, and as good as or better than the originals. SHanzhai has since spread into other parts of Chinese life, with shanzhai books, shanzhai politicians, shanzhai stars. IN the West, this would be seen as piracy, or even desecration, but in Chinese culture, originals are continually transformed - deconstructed. IN this volume in the Untimely Meditations series, Byung-Chul Han traces the thread of deconstruction, or "decreation," in Chinese thought, from ancient masterpieces that invite inscription and transcription to Maoism - "a kind a shanzhai Marxism," Han writes.