This accessible study traces the dramatic social, cultural, and political tensions in Germany since 1918. It ranges from the self-destructive Weimar Republic, through the extremes of genocide and military aggression in the Nazi era, to the extraordinary political experimentation of division of the nation in the Cold War, culminating in the collapse of communist East Germany and unification with capitalist democratic West Germany in 1990. The book also covers events since the end of the Cold War, examining the extent to which Germany remains a divided nation even today. For the new edition, the author has updated the book throughout, providing more coverage on the early twentieth century and reflecting recent work on the Nazi period, particularly with respect to controversies on the Holocaust. She also provides a new chapter on Germany's development since unification in 1990, with a focus especially on the continuing significance of commemoration and remembrance within Germany at the start of the twenty-first century.