The main theme of this book focuses on the integration of coherent and mutually supporting elements in the analysis and choice of strategic factors in agricultural development. It recalls that agricultural policy analysis, until recently, had been analytically isolated from mainstream macro-economic policy. Based on social valuation of policy issues, the book fills this gap by demonstrating analytical methodologies for the integration of commodity price, macro-price and macro-economic policies including environmental externalities into micro (agricultural) policy analysis. While efficiency (first-best criterion) is the major policy objective, the book points out that often this cannot be fully achieved because the promotion of one objective frequently conflicts with one of the others. Policy decision-makers have to trade-off the value of the perceived non-efficiency benefits (second-best principle) against the measured efficiency. How policy analysis helps to resolve this conflict is elucidated. Unlike in other developing countries where positive change is strongly driven by policy, in Sub-Saharan Africa change depends heavily on endogenous social, cultural, internal technical and economic conditions which are not easily influenced by external interventions. The book underscores the significance of understanding and integrating these factors that influence farmers’ land-use decisions and the links between land use and the welfare of the farmers.