While keeping to the spirit of the original, Malcolm Todd has extensively revised much of the text in the light of recent archaeological research. A new introductory chapter looks at Britain before the conquest which began with the first Roman invasion in AD 43. An overview is provided of the campaigns that followed and the subsequent military subjugation and regional organization. The Roman army had enormous impact on the early development of cities. Referring to the latest archaeological research the structure and function of urban centres and rural settlements are examined along with the influence and expanding role of commerce. Religious cults, their monuments and artistic expression are explored in relation to the provincial social order. The variety and ingenuity of the Romans is brought vividly to life in this illuminating portrayal of a tumultuous period in Britain's history.