A reference which breaks new ground by treating for the first time the classical era of the Old World as a whole. Never before have the key peoples and events of Greece, Rome, Persia,India, and China been encompassed in a single volume,despite the fact their civilizations had much in common and laid the foundat- ions of present-day Europe ans Asia. Cotterell asserts that for too long Greece and Rome have been regardedas the classical world and its study isolated from even the major powers that confronted the Greeks abd Romans in Iran and India. Today we are more aware of the complex interrelations that once existed between the Greeks and the Persians,theMacedonians and thr Indians, the Romans and both the persians and the Sasanians. The persistent isolation of China,on the other hand,cut off by mountains and deserts from india,makes the claassical experience ther so useful for compari-son and contrast.