The relations between Moscow and the federal subjects has been a major issue of contention in Russian politics since the establishment of the Russian Federation in 1991. Traditionally most attention has been given to the political struggle between 'pro-' and 'anti-reform' groups in Moscow, but an equally fierce battle is also being fought out between the federal centre and the regions. One of the few texts to explore this subject in any detail, the book addresses the attempts at regionalization that have taken place in Russia since the break-up of the Soviet Union; particularly focusing on the power balance between Moscow and the Northwestern periphery of the federation. The book is unique in its cross-field approach to these issues, covering both legal, political and economic aspects of centre-region relations. Reporting first-hand experiences from the fisheries, offshore hydrocarbon resources and military sectors, this book provides an essential analysis of a fundamental, yet largely unexplored issue in Russian politics.