International migration is an issue of enduring interest and debate, as strong as ever in the 21st century. This in-depth, global examination proposes a balance sheet of international migration and highlights its consequences regarding migrant populations at the turn of the century. It draws together theoretical studies supported by empirical examples, and derives from quantitative as well as qualitative research. Assessing the major existing models within the theory of international migration, the contributors continue to examine a variety of key themes, including; increased flows of female migration; the meaning and relationship between identity, ethnicity and diaspora; return migration and the complex problem of reintegration. The volume also establishes a typology of refugees and examines the different domains of ethnicity and racism. A valuable volume for all those interested in migration, population settlement and transnational communities, it addresses all the major issues of international migration in the new millennium.