This revised edition describes new methods of diagnosis and treatment that directly relate to women during the years of declining reproductive capacity. The book is divided into four (4) main sections. In Aging and the Menopause the basic elements of the effects of aging and the changes from reproductive loss are presented and described historically, along with some of Dr. Eskin's added personal interpretation. Clinical Problems in the Menopause lists the major clinical problems that may occur during menopause, including osteoporosis, urinary tract atrophism, non-endocrine gynecologic diseases, and the sexuality of the climacteric woman. Section 3, entitled Endocrinology of the Menopause details the overall endocrinology of the postmenopausal period, with reference to the parallel clinical problems presented in Section 2. The final section, Hormonal Therapy of the menopause deals with the hormonal medications available and how they may be used preventatively and therapeutically. A description of all the latest therapies and delivery systems with pharmacological mechanisms is presented, as are the risk factors, particularly estrogen and cancer. Each section is developed by several detailed chapters related to the main issue.