Leading authorities have joined to provide accounts of brain regions that are both in-depth and state-of-the-art. Each author uses the same format in covering the neural elements, synaptic connections, basic circuits, physiology and pharmacology, dendritic properties and functional implications, so that readers can easily compare different regions to recognize common principles and specific adaptations. A new chapter on the cochlear nucleus highlights the neural basis of audition, to accompany the account of vision in the retina, lateral geniculate and visual cortex, and of olfaction in the olfactory bulb and olfactory cortex. Chapters on the spinal cord, cerebellum and basal ganglia provide insights into the neural basis of sensorimotor integration. The chapter on the hippocampus is a new synthesis of the anatomy and physiology related to learning and memory.