This completely revised new edition is presented in three parts. Common presenting problems are considered in Part 1, using sufficient background physiology and/or anatomy of the system in a succinct way to enable the reader to understand what goes wrong with the urinary system to allow the presenting problem to occur. Differential diagnosis is considered and useful case examples illustrate the points made. Part 2 features details of how to perform and interpret both standard diagnostic techniques, such as imaging and urinalysis, and less common but very useful tests, such as staging of chronic kidney disease. More advanced techniques are also discussed to help the clinician decide when to refer cases. Part 3 deals with management of common urological syndromes, including complications and what to do if treatment fails. The emphasis is on medical management. Throughout the book, use is made of tables and flow charts as well as high-quality colour photographs.