With special reference to Buddhism in Japan. This work contains four lectures given at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. The object of the lectures was to elucidate the ideals which inspired Buddhist artists, and to give some account of the legends which they illustrated. The author has dwelt very largely on Japanese Buddhism, not only because it is a subject with which he is intimate, but also because he believes Japanese Buddhism is representative, more than Indian and Chinese, of a continuous development both in doctrine and in art. Handsomely illustrated.