The basic assumption is that suffering, as well as its association with evil, causes an existential problem as expressed in the now classic question; Why? For what purpose? Hence the attempt to take up the challenge put forth by theodicy, and to develop a theological argument along the lines of a theology of the cross and a theology of the resurrection. The book focuses on the following question in order to develop a theological model for pastoral care and counselling - If it is true that God-images are influenced by culture and do play a decisive role in people's reaction to severe suffering and pain, how should God be interpreted and portrayed if Christian spirituality still is an influential factor in postmodernity's quest for meaning? What God-image is appropriate for a new millennium? These questions are linked to the problem of a pastoral diagnosis.