This work considers Restructure (1958-1968), the process by which one branch of the Campbell-Stone movement constituted itself the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Restructure is shown to have been the culmination of a long process of evolution. Throughout the nineteenth and during the first half of the twentieth centuries the Campbell-Stone movement struggled to create a polity that would effectively serve its basic ideals of restoration, union, liberty, and mission. Divergent interpretations of these ideals and other divisive factors contributed to this struggle. The ideological positions of opponents and proponents of Restructure in terms of the four traditional ideals of the Campbell-Stone movement are portrayed.