The growth of faith-based schools, particularly within Muslim communities, has signalled a clear change in direction as a number of religious groups have begun to question the efficacy of 'secular' schooling for all. But why is it that some faith-based schools are regarded as different from others? What makes Muslim and Sikh schools, for example, different from those classified as Anglican, Catholic or Jewish? At the heart of the debate is the question of segregation in terms of race and ethnicity. This unique book draws on first-hand research to explore these issues and the concerns that the expansion of new faith-based schools will prove to be socially divisive, encourage 'fundamentalism', and incite religious and ethnic tensions. Lord Dearing contributes the Foreword.