High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Through the use of abstraction and logical reasoning, mathematics evolved from counting, calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects. PRactical mathematics has been a human activity for as far back as written records exist. RIgorous arguments first appeared in Greek mathematics, most notably in Euclid's Elements. MAthematics continued to develop, for example in China in 300 BCE, in India in 100 CE, and in Arabia in 800 CE, until the Renaissance, when mathematical innovations interacting with new scientific discoveries led to a rapid increase in the rate of mathematical discovery that continues to the present day.