High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Weald (pronounced / wi ld/) is the name given to a physiographic area in South East England situated between the parallel chalk escarpments of the North and the South Downs. IT should be regarded as three separate parts: the sandstone "High Weald" in the centre; the clay "Low Weald" periphery; and the Greensand Ridge which stretches around the north and west of the Weald and includes the Weald's highest points. THe Weald was once a vast forest covering this area. THe name, Old English in origin, signifies woodland, which still applies today: scattered farms and villages betray The Weald s past, often in their names.