High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! A weather satellite is a type of satellite that is primarily used to monitor the weather and climate of the Earth. SAtellites can be either polar orbiting, seeing the same swath of the Earth every 12 hours, or geostationary, hovering over the same spot on Earth by orbiting over the equator while moving at the speed of the Earth's rotation. THese meteorological satellites, however, see more than clouds and cloud systems. CIty lights, fires, effects of pollution, auroras, sand and dust storms, snow cover, ice mapping, boundaries of ocean currents, energy flows, etc., are other types of environmental information collected using weather satellites.